Annual Program

11th December, 2012

( Day 01:Tuesday)

 

  • Ice-breaking & introducing Session:

Participants assembled in the Human Resources Development Centre (HRDC), Manikganj, Koetta on 11 December 2012. The dinner was followed by an ice breaking session. Participants took part in logo matching and learning the HRSS anthem. Prof. Dr. Mizanur Rahman conducted this session.

12 December, 2012 (Day 02: Wednesday)

  1. 1.      Opening Session:

The inauguration session of the 13th HRSS was prized with the presence of  Mr. Justice Habibur Rahman, Former Chief Justice of Bangladesh as the chief guest, while Professor Dr. Mizanur Rahman, Honarable Chairman, National Human Rights Commission of Bangladesh and Dr. Rafiqul Islam were present as special guests. The ceremony was presided over by Prof. Mustafizur Rahman, Treasurer, Empowerment through Law of the Common People (ELCOP). Dr. Md. Rahmat Ullah, Associate Professor of Law, Dhaka University, and Executive Director of ELCOP gave the introductory speech.

From the resident instructors, Prof. Jakir Hossain, Dean, Faculty of Law, Chittagong University, S.M. Masum Billah, Assistant Prof.of Law, Jangannath University and  Umme Wara Mishu, Lecturer of Law, Jangannath University gave speech in the ceremony. 11 students from each law school expressed their feelings and expectation about the 13th Human Rights Summer School. And lastly Mr. Shafiqur Rahman, Director of the Human Rights Summer School gave his speech.

  1. 2.      Status of indigenous people in international Law

            Speaker:Professor M. Rafiqul Islam

He discussed the history and status of indigenous people in the international law. He explained indigenous people as subject of international law.

The session was followed by question-answer from students. In this session, many important national and international issues relating to the status and present situation of the indigenous people in Bangladesh came up.

  1. 3.      Introduction for Small groups Exercise

 

            Speaker:Dr. Mizanur Rahman

This session focused on importance of working in groups by involving the participants in different games and tasks. The significance of different perspectives was demonstrated. Dr. Mizan discussed the traditional teaching of the different universities whether the teachers are reading out their lectures in front of the students to accomplish the syllabus and highlighted the importance of interactive methods as against the traditional ones.

        

  1. 4.      Small Group Exercise

Participants in small groups imagined themselves as citizens of a newly emerged imaginary    state, Adhikarbhumi and will tried to draft a ‘Adhikarbhumi Peoples’ Charter of Rights and Duties’ having the sanctity of a constitutional instrument. At time of small group exercise, all resident instructors were involved. The participants were divided into 6 groups mixing from different universities, where each group contained 8 members of the total 48 participants the 13th Summer School.

 

Small Groups’ Presentation on the Adhikarbhumi Charter of Rights and Duties

Small Group Presentation followed by Q&A on the Adhikarbhumi Charter of Rights and Duties was presented by each group of the participants and the session was coordinated by  Prof. Dr. Mizanur Rahman.

13 December, 2012

(Day 03: Thursday)

  1. 1.      Adoption of Adhikarbhumi Peoples’ Charter of Rights and Duties (Plenary)

Following the small group presentations a 7 members Constituent Assembly were selected  by taking one member from each group to draft the Adhikarbhumi Charter. On 13th December 2012 the Adhikarbhumi Charter was adopted by the consent of the citizens of Adhikarbhumi. This session was

moderated by Prof. Dr. Rafiqul Islam.          

 

  1. 2.      Historical Antecedents of Human Rights

Speaker: Prof. Dr. Mizanur Rahman, Chairman, the National Human Rights Commission, Bangladesh

In his discussion Mr. Rahman analyzed philosophical, religious, social, economic and Political background of emergence of human rights as a separate field of study The basic needs of a human being have to be fulfilled. The rights we own by birth should be ensured by the state. Man needs a dignified life. When a man enjoys all his rights his life becomes dignified. He emphasized on the sound understanding of human rights.

  1. 3.      The International Bill of Human Rights

                Speaker: Dr. Md. Rahmat Ullah.

This session was conducted by Dr. Md. Rahmat Ullah. The speaker introduced the International Bill of Rights with all of the human rights enforcement mechanism highlighting the salient

features of the UN Charter, UDHR, ICCPR and ICESCR.

                                

  1. 4.      Ensuring ESC rights of the economically disadvantaged, socially downtrodden groups

                Speaker: Prof. Zakir Hossain.

The speaker discussed the concept of Economic Social Cultural rights, Universality of HR and justiciability of ESC rights. He emphasized the role of judiciary to enforce the Economic, Social and Cultural Rights in Bangladesh.

  1. 5.                           Indigenous Peoples’ Rights are Human Rights

               Speaker: Sanjeeb Drong

 

The speaker discussed on recognition of indigenous people, challenges to their human rights, necessity of ensuring human rights for indigenous peoples to overcome their disadvantaged position. He also focused on lack of knowledge, information and interests, stereotypes about indigenous people and lack of respect to cultural diversity. He criticized the romanticism in highlighting indigenous culture without recognizing the way of life or the real concerns of denial of land rights and discrimination that the people face in their day to day life.

  1.   Human Rights of the Disadvantaged Minorities: Bangladesh Perspective

               Speaker: Gobinda Chandra Mandal

The speaker explained the concept of ‘ethnicity and its nexus with minority vis-à-vis their causes of disadvantage situation and how nationalism puts a threat to ethnic minorities’ to their Human Rights.

14 December 2012

(Day 04: Friday)

 

  1. 1.      Winrock International Condt

Before starting the formal session, one minute silence was observed in remembrance of the martyred intellectuals of 14 December 1971.

Speaker: Sultana Razia and A.B.M Mohsin

The team discussed Trafficking in of persons as the recruitment, transportation, or transfer, harboring, or receipt of persons by the means of threat or use of force or other forms of coercion, abduction, fraud. The legal framework on human trafficking was discussed in detail.

The sessions involved small group exercise, documentary show and other interactive methods including Q&A.

 

 

  1. 2.      Concept of Gender, Equality, Non-discrimination and Human Rights for All

Speaker:Dr. Faustina Periera

She discussed about how the centre of power can be influenced to discriminate. Persons in the centre of the power decide about the access of justice which is a principle of Democracy. She also discussed the term ‘Gender’ by giving different examples.   She said that the society differentiates the status of women. Intersectionality of various issue have to be considered while working on gender discrimination.

 

  1. 3.      ICRC Session

Speaker: Ruman Binte Masud and Mojibur Raham

The team discussed the mandate of the ICRC and it’s role in times of war and armed conflicts. ICRC is an impartial, neutral and independent organization whose exclusively humanitarian mission is to protect the lives and dignity of victims of war and internal violence and to provide them with assistance. The key legal international instruments on IHL and its interrelation with and differences from IHRL were focused.

 

15 December 2012

(Day 05:Saturdy)

 

 

  1. 1.    UNHCR and its Person of Concern

Fahmida Karim Tithi (Representative of UNHCR)

The discussants focused on the UN High Commissioner for Refugees and its persons of concern, i. e., refugees, asylum seeker, stateless persons and returnees.

The session involved fact simulation in order to clarify the legal classification. The legal framework on refugee law in international plane and particularly in Bangladesh was covered.

  1. 2.      The Role of Host Governments, UNHRC, and The International Community

Speaker: Ms. Pia Carmela Pagulo (Representative of UNHCR)

The discussion covered the idea of refugee protection, the role of the host governments, the role of UNHCR and the international community in refugee protection.

The session was followed by an open discussion in which the participants and resident instructors took part.

  1. The impact of statelessness, the process of acquiring nationality, the process of becoming stateless, statelessness issues in Bangladesh were discusses.  The participants took part in a problem solving session on enclaves in India and Bangladesh. The UNHCR team also conducted a debate on vulnerability of refugees in detention in order to engage the participants intensively.

16 December 2012

(Day 05: Sunday)

  1. 1.      Genocide, War Crimes and Crimes against Humanity and justification of International Crimes tribunal vis-à-vis protection of Human Rights

Speaker: Tapos Kanti Boul

The prosecutor invited remarks on inconsistency between the international standard and the ICT-BD trial from the participants and the instructors. After dividing the issues of concerns into broader areas the prosecutor categorically established the absence of any inconsistency with the accepted international standards.

  1. 2.      Presentation of Dr. Mizanur Rahman

The speaker discussed the ‘Proclamation of the independence of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh, which is the spirit of the independence of Bangladesh in1971. He urged the participants to search the real history of the independence of Bangladesh.

  1. 3.      Reflections on Sprit of National Liberation wars of our times and Challenges to Human Rights

Speaker: Dr. Salimullah Khan.

The Speaker discussed colonialism to liberation and then neocolonialism in light of Frantz Fanon’s work ‘Les damnes de la terre’ meaning ‘deprived of the world’.

Spirit of Liberation war.

 

  1. 4.      Capt. Alamgir Sattar (Birpratik) (Retd.) DC-10 Capt. Biman, Bangladesh Airline

The speaker shared his memorable moments during the liberation war of Bangladesh in 1971.

17 December 2012

(Day 07: Monday)

 

 

 

  1. 1.      Genocide, Atrocity, Crimes against humanity

Speaker:Prof. Dr. Rafiqul Islam

 The speaker explained the elements of international crimes and their difference from ordinary penal offences.

  1. 2.      International Organization for Migration

Speaker:  Nishat A chowdhury & Tabassum Makhduma (Representatives from IOM)

The speakers discussed regular migration, irregular and trafficking migration, labour migration etc.

  1. 1.      International Organization for Migration

Speaker: Tabassum Makhduma (Representative of IOM)

The discussant covered the legal framework in light of SAARC Trafficking Convention and by critiquing the Convention as well as the domestic laws.

  1. 2.      National Human Rights Commission, Bangladesh

Speaker: Imam Uddin Kabir (Representative of NHRC)

 

The speaker discussed on evolution of human rights in stages, the historical background of national and international human rights organizations, the activates and powers of the National Human Rights Commission Bangladesh as an independent institution.

 

  1. Speaker: Zahid Hossain (Representative of NHRC)

discussed about the legal status, key achievements of NHRC, international recognition, mandate of NHRC, procedure of lodging complaints with the NHRC, steps of complaints handling.

  1. 4.      Gray image of Humanity in the Enclaves Zone

Speaker:Shusmita Chowdhury & Maria Hossain

The speakers discussed about the deprivation of the human rights of people living in enclaves of India and Bangladesh including lack of health and education facilities.

  1. 5.      Community Law Reform

Speakers :Rezaur Rahman Shuvo & Arpeeta Shams Mizan

 

The speakers shared their own experience in Community Law Reform and also research issues of general relevance. They covered research methodology of CRL, chalking out the issues and strategy, collection of data from the field, individual interviews, coordination amongst the members, and the spirit of CLR etc.

18 December 2012

(Day 08: Tuesday)

 

Community Law Reform (CLR)

 

Theme: Measuring socio-economic Status of the locality and making suggestions to overcome prevailing challenges to Human Rights

 

Villages visited:

 

  • Shaha Para, Koetta, Manikganz
  • Borura, Koetta, Manikganz
  • Shutra Para, Koetta, Manikganz

The participants went to the community visit where they got the chance to achieve firsthand knowledge of data collection in filed.

 

Instructions for the Day

Mr. Shafiqur Rahman Khan and Mr. S.M. Masum Billah explained the research methodology and the rules of field visit. 3 guides from the local people were with groups to locate them in the locality. Then the participants prepared the questionnaire.  At 9.00 am participants were divided into 3 groups and they were into 3 different area. Each group was divided into four sub groups. They went house to house and gathered information.

At 1:15 PM in an open field all were gathered and had launch and had chitchat. They again went to collect information and their research continued till 4.15 PM. Returning to the Proshika Centre they had half an hour to get fresh. After the dinner each group gave their presentation on the day long field visit.

Focus Theme on Community Visit:

 

The focus themes of this year’s community visit were:

  • Access to justice of the Community People;
  • Status of Economic, Social and Cultural Rights of the Community People.

19 December 2012

(Day 09: Wednesday)

 

  1. 1.      Persons with Disabilities

Speaker:Arpeeta Shams Mizan

 

She discussed the different aspects on the Human Rights of the Persons with Disabilities (PWDs). She mentioned the existing legal framework like national Coordination Committee on Disability under MoSW.

  1. 2.      The Most Critically Disadvantaged Community: The Hijar/Transgender Community of Bangladesh

Speaker:Dr. Md. Rahmat Ullah

The speaker discussed the discrimination faced by the transgenders and their rights. Dr. Rahman discussed the national and international legal provisions regarding Hijra community referring article 27, 28, and 29 of the Constitution of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh and UDHR, ICCPR, ICESCR, CAT, CRPWD, Yogyakarta Principles, 2007 and UN Resolution, 2011 (Resolution on LGBT).

  1. 3.      Situation of RTIA in Bangladesh

Speaker: Prof. Dr. Sadeka Halim

 

 The speaker covered the situation of right to information in a global context and then moved on to the  Right to Information Act, 2009 of Bangladesh. She referred UDHR, ICCPR and also highlighted RTI in South Asia.

  1. 4.      Social media, law and human rights.

Proshanto Bhusan Barua (Director of studies and Head of Laws, London East Bank College)

The speaker discussed on Social media, new media, regulation, law, human rights, privacy, data, manipulation, terrorism, revolution, social stability, new era of law and seeking a newer world. He emphasized on the importance of social media to ensure rights of the common people.

  1. 5.      Human Rights to safe Drinking Water as Human Rights

Speaker: Dr. Masudul Haque

The speaker highlighted the water politics and challenges focusing on the comments of the UN for the same and also state obligation.

20 December 2012

(Day 10: Thursday)

 

  1. 1.      Term “Beerangona”: History or Misery?

Speaker: Umme Wara Mishu

The speaker started describing the term ‘sexual violence’ and ‘sexualized violence’ and then types of sexualized violence like spot rape (hit and Run Rapa), gang rape and mass rape (rape burn kill), rape in custody, comfort girl and sexual slavery.

She mentioned some measures like rehabilitation, special adoption and abortion law in the post war period. She said how the Beerangonas were socially stigmatized.

 

  1. Welcome Session to Dr. Harishankar Jolodas

Congratulating to Dr. Horishankar Jolodas giving him ‘Uttaria’, ‘Crest’ and ‘Ponkti’. In his session, Prof. Dr. Mizanur Rahman delivered his speech about Dr. Jolodas. His first write up is ‘Jolputro’. ‘Ramgolam’ in 2012 written by Dr. Jolodas is the main spirit to be ‘Critically disadvantaged People’ for 13th Human Rights Summer School (HRSS), said Mr. S.M. Masum Billah.

  1. 3.      The Dalits of Bangladesh: Crisis of Humanity:

Speaker: Dr. Harishankar Jolodas (Principal City College, Chittagong)

Dr. Jaladas shared his experience of living almost in denial for being a member of a disadvantaged community. He came from a fisherman family and would not give up his profession until lately. He also shared his experience of working with the Harijan community and the discrimination they face in public life.

  1. 4.      State and law

Speaker: Prof. Dr. Mizanur Rahman

Dr. Mizan started from the very beginning of human existence and discussed the gradual evolution of human agency and the concomitant division of labor, the beginning of mine and thine, the rise and fall of feudalism, capitalism and Marxism.

  1. 5.      Human Rights and Cultural Diversity

Speaker: S.M. Masum Billah

The speaker played different acts to emphasize importance of understanding the cultural diversity. He said cultural diversity refers to the wide range of cultural differences found between and within nations.

21 December 2012

(Day 11: Friday)

  1. Creating a fair regime for blind, visually impaired person

Speaker: Shafiqur Rahman Khan

The speaker highlighted the issue of rights of the visually impaired persons and their access to copyrighted materials. The speaker answered many questions during the session.

  1. 2.      Freedom of Association as workers’ Right vis-à-vis Human Rights

             Speaker: Advocate Kawser Ahmed

The speaker focused on the freedom of association under international and national legal regime with particular reference to workers rights to trade union in Bangladesh. He referred the convention no 87 of ILO. He discussed the Labor Code of Bangladesh to make the participants understand how the freedom of association has been ensured.

  1. 3.      Disadvantaged people’s Rights and Corporate Social Responsibility

Speaker: Ulfat Hussain

The speakers focused on the multinational corporation’s human rights responsibility vis-à-vis the state obligation with case examples from various parts of the world. He discussed some terms which are frequently used as CSR. He scrutinized the reasons for disadvantages in the corporate sectors like lack of liberal schooling and modern curriculum, efficient flow of capital for infrastructure development, distance from economic and commercial hub, and inaccessibility to resources- natural, physical, topographical barriers.  He discussed some strategies for CSR in business and why CSR program-potential business benefits.  He said that the government should control over the corporations for the Corporate Social Responsibilities.

  1. 4.      Human Rights Protection through International and National Mechanism

Speaker: Prof. Dr. Shah Alam, Chairman, Law Commission, Bangladesh (Acting)

The professor focused on how to protect human rights through international and national mechanism with emphasis on domestication of international human rights law. He also discussed how the international human rights law will be protected in the national level. He gave the examples of many countries where the principles of international laws have been established in the national level and everywhere the international human rights mechanism is so much active. He said about the role of the judiciary to establish the international human rights law in the national level. We have to domesticate the international norms and the principles of international laws.

  1. 5.      ‘Why did I decide to participate in the HRSS?’

Speaker: Prof. Dr. Mizanur Rahman

Dr. Mizan showed some comments of participants taken from the applications form of the participants. He asked the participants how they will serve the poor. The participants answered giving different aspects of the works like raising voice, awareness creation, and charity for the poor, being united for working for the poor, self-determination and pro bono lawyering. After getting all those feedbacks Dr. Mizan told the participants that all these are being done for ages, but the status quo remains the same. The graduates of the HRSS are expected to challenge this status quo through anti-generic or rebellious lawyering. He delivered his speech on rebellious lawyering.

22 December 2012

(Day 12; Saturday)

 

  1. 1.      Moot Court Session

After taking breakfast, all resource persons, resident instructors, volunteers and participants assembled in the auditorium room. The day started with the HRSS anthem. From 09:00-09:45, the session was for the preparation for the moot court. The participants of the moot court were selected by the all group members and they decided who will be the team members of every moot team, where two oralists and one research were in each moot team. The Judges of the moot were: Advocate Mohsen Rashid, Advocate, Supreme Court of Bangladesh. Proshanto Bhusan Barua, Director of Studies and head of laws, London East Bangk College.

  1. 2.      Valedictory Session:

The valedictory session was presided over by the Prof. Mustafizur Rahman, Treasurer, ELCOP while Dr. Shah Alam, Chairman (Acting), The Law Commission of Bangladesh, was the Chief Guest. Dr. Mizanur Rahman, Chairman, the National Human Rights Commission, Bangladesh and Prof. Dr. Rafiqul Islam were the special guests in the valedictory session of the 13th Human Rights Summer School.  Dr. Md. Rahmat Ullah, Director, Empowerment through Law of the Common People (ELCOP) delivered the welcome address.

In this session the HRSS declaration was recited by one of the participants of the HRSS. One participant from each law school expressed his/her feelings about 13th HRSS. All resident instructors addressed the gathering. At the end of the 12 days of residential training, Nuran Choudhury Nibir of Dhaka University bagged the Justice K M Subhan Memorial Trophy for best Mooter; Riad Mahmud of Dhaka University received the Professor KAA Quamruddin Memorial Award for best academic excellence while Syeda Benajir Fouzi of Chittagong University received the Professor Z I Chowdhury best Fellowship Award.

And then all participants were given the certificate. Prof. Dr. Mizanur Rahman, the chairman, NHRC-BD addressed the gathering. He emphasized on the trial of the War Criminials. Prof. Dr. Shah Alam, the Chairman, Law Commission, Bangladesh said that we had plan the clinical legal education so that the student can learn the practical implications of law and serve the country and for this reason the Human Rights Summer School.

Prof. Dr. Mustafizur Rahman, treasurer, ELCOP, said that it is not necessity that all have to be lawyer but if you want to serve the humanity, you can do it wherever you are in your life. At last Mr. Shafiqur Rahman Khan gave the vote of thanks. And thus the 13th Human Rights Summer School (HRSS) ended.